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Complications of Getting A Vasectomy

vasectomy Brooklyn, New York is a highly effective procedure for preventing unwanted and unintentional pregnancies. The procedure is quick, simple, and noninvasive. In some cases, the vas deferens might reunite and result in unwanted pregnancies. 

The procedure rarely has any complications, and before opting for a vasectomy, you should thoroughly discuss all the possible side effects and complications that could result from a vasectomy. The procedure can have potential long-term and short-term complications; these have been mentioned below. 

  • Pain and discomfort:

Patients who opt for vasectomy feel pain in their testicle region or the site of surgery. The body starts healing the surgical area, which gives the patient a sensation of local pain secondary to inflammation. This recovery pain can last for 2 to 3 weeks after the surgery. In some cases, the pain may radiate to the abdomen region.

  • Delayed surgical failure:

After completing the surgery, a patient would have nonmotile sperm in their semen. Rarely, suppose the vas deferens are not tied properly. In that case, they will reattach to their original position over time, resulting in the patient having delayed vasectomy failure and containing motile sperm in their semen.

  • Epididymitis:

The duct behind the testicles is known as epididymis, which helps in storing the sperm and also allows the sperm to flow to the vas deferens. When the patient has a vasectomy, the sperm still moves from the epididymis to vas deferens, but due to cutting the vas deferens, the sperm cannot move further and get backed up. In some patients, preventing sperm from traveling further will result in inflammation in the epididymis, and the patient may experience pain and swelling.

  • Vaso-venous fistula:

This is another risk of vasectomy. This occurs when several blood vessels stick to the tied vas deferens, which results in the pooling of blood vessels leading to the formation of a fistula. The patient suffering from vaso-venous fistula after vasectomy may observe bleeding after ejaculation or urinating. 

  • Sperm granulomas:

After having a vasectomy, the sperm gets restricted from reaching scrotal tissue. The sperm may leak through the vas deferens into the scrotal sac in some cases. The sperm may form a stiff or painful lump or masses known as granuloma in the scrotal tissue when this occurs. If the leaking does not stop, it will lead to further chronic complications.

Age factors, chronic conditions, and regular medications also have adverse effects on the procedure’s outcome. Therefore, one should thoroughly discuss any possible side effects with their doctor. Moreover, the doctor should analyze the case history before suggesting a vasectomy to avoid complications. 

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