An IUD is a small device placed inside the uterus by a health care professional that can provide long-lasting contraception for up to 10 years. During insertion, the arms of the IUD are released into position at the top or bottom of the uterus to prevent the IUD from being expelled during a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle. The five-year contraceptive effectiveness rates of the IUD are estimated to be approximately 99%. Proper insertion of an IUD is vital for ensuring that it remains in place and provides maximum contraception throughout its use.
Before getting an IUD placement in Midwood, it is crucial to understand what you will experience during the insertion process. In this article, we highlight all you need to know about IUD placement.
The Insertion Process
You will likely experience mild to moderate cramping during the insertion process. The health care provider will first use a speculum to open up your vagina and collect fluid from your cervix, which is used for pre-insertion testing of your IUD
The provider will insert a narrow tube through the opening of the cervix, allowing them to measure the depth of your uterus and confirm that it is an appropriate placement site for the IUD. The tube will then be removed and replaced with a slender plastic insertion shape called a tenaculum that will hold your uterus in place so the health care provider can insert and position your IUD.
How Does It Affect Your Period?
Many women experience longer, heavier, or irregular periods after getting an IUD. However, you may find that your period returns to normal after the first month following the insertion, although a small number of women continue to report more frequent and heavier bleeding during their periods once they have an IUD.
It is usual for women to experience heavier and irregular bleeding after insertion to experience spotting in between periods. However, if you notice that your bleeding has become very heavy or persistent after the first month following insertion, you should see your health care provider for an evaluation.
How Long Does it Last?
An IUD is one of the longest-lasting contraceptive methods available today, with a typical duration of use between 5-10 years, depending on the type you receive. The ParaGard IUD, which is made of copper and can be used for up to 10 years, makes periods heavier and less regular. The Mirena IUD, which is made of light plastic and releases the hormone progestin over time into the uterus, causes periods to stop altogether in approximately 50-60% of women who choose this IUD.
If you are looking for a method of contraception that will provide maximum effectiveness while also requiring little maintenance once it has been inserted, an IUD may be a good option for you.
In summary, an IUD is a small device placed inside the uterus by a health care professional that can provide long-lasting contraception. During insertion, you may experience mild cramping. You may also experience longer, heavier, or irregular periods after getting an IUD. It is one of the longest-lasting contraceptive methods available today, with a typical duration of use between 5-10 years, depending on the type you receive.